Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how the brain functions specifically those areas of the brain that control social ability and communication skills i.e it is not a disease but a developmental disorder of brain’s function which was first described by Dr Leo Kanner in 1943. Autism prevents an individual from properly understanding what they see, hear, feel, smell, taste and otherwise sense. Naturally severe problems of social relationships communication and behaviours are cropping up.
Developmental disability means a severe, chronic disability of a person which is attributable to a mental or physical impairment or combination of both is manifested before the person attains age of 22, is likely to continue indefinitely, results in substantial functional limitations in different area of major life activities like self care, receptive and expressive language, learning, mobility, self direction, capacity for independent living and economic sufficiency. And reflects the person’s need for a combination and sequence of special interdisciplinary or generic care, treatment or other services which are of lifelong or extended duration and are individually planned or coordinated.
To Be Continued……. Keep Watching……
—- taken from an article of K. S. Adhikaree, Ex Asstt. Commissioner (Disability)